Explain one study related to localization of function in the brain.

Remember if you get this question in an examination you are required to refer to one study only.

Localization of function in the brain: This is the idea that different parts of the brain can carry out different functions

This is seen in the HM case study
HM Case Study:
Aim: To see the effect of the absence of the hippocampus (is found in the limbic system of the brain. Is important for long term memory, short term memory and orientation) on memory
Procedure: HM was told to perform several sensorimotor tasks such as mirror-reading, playing video games, and solving puzzles, Brain Scans show the area of damage which would be the hippocampus, amygdala, the internal, and peripheral cortex's. He was then asked to repeat numbers and recall very recent (a minute ago) events, then repeated the same task after a distraction.
Findings: HM could recall very recent things but would forget after few second or a distraction. He could not recall any past events past a certain year. Throughout the day he repeated his behavior believing to never have done it (e.g. eating lunch again). HM did learn some very procedural behaviors but could never recall any events.


The case study of HM shows how different parts of the brain can have specific functions, since certain parts of his brain were removed, he is unable to perform certain skills and/or functions

We can infer from this case study that the hippocampus is in charge of the short term memory as the removal of the hippocampus resulted in the absence of his short-term memory therefore a certain part of his brain is "localized" to carry out the function of short term memory


Prezi: Localization of the Brain
BLOA localization of brain assignment.docx
Brocas
http://prezi.com/vdurukwoyo6z/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
Hippocampus
http://prezi.com/9azoynur2lzg/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/biam_t1c_zrh/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/c91u4phvcsxj/hippocampus/
http://prezi.com/j08e2oaldtvm/description/
Amygdala
http://prezi.com/rpg1rdacrkcs/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
Pefrontal Cortex
http://prezi.com/bs3ea8hgy7cd/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/x-rxz0jpi_mt/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/ryb7qgwdsax4/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/965lmdy57csa/prefrontal-cortex/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/bpbkacocfczj/prefrontal-cortex/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/fmf2isszioah/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/3v7nixnmbndw/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy

Posterier Parietal Cortex
http://prezi.com/kgjh85kjhxww/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
http://prezi.com/hiwslhazggtl/posterior-parietal-cortex/
http://prezi.com/iysfamfkrm-j/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
Insular Cortex
http://prezi.com/m21prfccwzfx/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
Anterior Cingular Cortex
http://prezi.com/f5ioh3u7mipu/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
Nucleus Accumebens
http://prezi.com/hxziqccs2yyv/nucleus-acc/
Parietal Lobe
http://prezi.com/uds6yj3bapl-/the-parietal-lobe/

Case Studies: Broca – Tan (1861), Harlow – Phineas Gage (1849), Raine et al. (1997), *Roger Sperry (1968) – If this study is chosen, make sure you explicitly state how it is localisation of function. *Wernicke (1874), Milner – HM (1966)
BLOA #5 Sample Essay.docx



















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